Prof. Jie GONG
Management and Strategy
Associate Professor

3910 3103

KK 1337

Academic & Professional Qualification
  • PhD: Northwestern University
  • Bachelor: Peking University

Jie Gong is an associate professor of management and strategy at The University of Hong Kong. Prior to HKU, she has taught at National University of Singapore, where she won the NUS Business School teaching excellence award.

Dr. Gong’s main research area lies at the intersection of organizational economics, personnel economics, and labor economics. It focuses on human capital accumulation and explores how firms can design organizations and operations to better manage their talents. Recently, Dr. Gong has studied topics on automation and human-machine complementarity.

Dr. Gong has published in leading academic journals such as the Management Science, Journal of Labor Economics, and the Journal of Public Economics.

Dr. Gong earned her BA in mathematical logic and economics from Peking University and PhD in Managerial Economics from Northwestern University, Kellogg.

Research Interest
  • Organizational economics
  • Personnel economics
  • Labor economics
Selected Publications
  • “Automation Enables Specialization: Field Evidence,” (with Ivan Png), Management Science, Vol 70, Issue 3, (March 2024) pp. 1580-1595.
  • “Choosing the Pond: On-the-job Experience and Long-Run Career Outcomes,” (with Ang Sun and Zhichao Wei), Management Science, Vol 64, Issue 2, (February 2018) pp. 860–872.
  • “The Effect of Teacher Gender on Students’ Academic and Noncognitive Outcomes,” (with Yi Lu and Hong Song), Journal of Labor Economics, Vol 36, No. 3, (July 2018) pp. 743–778.
  • “Recover Overnight? Work Interruption and Worker Productivity,” (with Xiqian Cai, Yi Lu and Songfa Zhong), Management Science, Vol 64, Issue 8, (August 2018) pp. 3489–3500.
  • “Gender Peer Effects on Students’ Academic and Noncognitive Outcomes: Evidence and Mechanism,” (with Yi Lu and Hong Song), Journal of Human Resources, Volume 56, No. 3, (Summer 2021) pp. 686-710.
  • “The Returns to an Additional Year of Education for College Graduates,” (with Jessica Pan), Journal of Public Economics, Vol 218, (Feb 2023) 104796.
Recent Publications
Automation Enables Specialization: Field Evidence

Becker and Murphy proposed that task specialization raises productivity but is limited by the costs of coordinating workers. We propose that automation enables workers to specialize without coordination costs. To the extent that the cost of effort exhibits increasing differences, workers increase effort in nonautomated tasks and productivity. The proposition is supported by a field experiment among supermarket cashiers. Conventionally, supermarket cashiers perform two tasks: scanning purchases and collecting payment. Cashiers exhibited increasing differences in the cost of effort: when they scanned faster, they took longer to collect payments. We rotated cashiers between the conventional job design and one in which they specialized in scanning. The new job design increased cashier productivity in scanning by more than 10%. The faster scanning was not due to customer sorting or cashier learning. The proposition is also validated by a survey of taxi drivers. Drivers who reported that difficulties in finding their way affected their driving were more likely to use map apps.

Get to know Dr. Jie Gong

The Returns to an Additional Year of Education for College Graduates

This paper estimates the returns to an additional year of advanced undergraduate education among students who would otherwise graduate with a bachelor’s degree using administrative student records merged with survey data on earnings from the largest public university in Singapore. We use a regression discontinuity design that exploits the fact that in some faculties, enrollment in the fourth (honors) year is governed by a grade-based eligibility rule. Students with average grades in their third year just above the threshold are significantly more likely to complete the fourth year and have higher earnings after graduation relative to students who narrowly missed the grade cutoff. The implied earnings return to the additional year of college is about 12 % six months after graduation. Linked administrative tax data confirm persistent gains in the longer run for at least 4 years after graduation. Moreover, the return remains substantial even after the university lowers the threshold to encourage more students to enroll in the fourth year, suggesting an effect not entirely driven by signaling of student ability.