Heiwai TANG
Prof. Heiwai TANG
經濟學
Associate Dean (External Relations)
Victor and William Fung Professor in Economics (馮國經馮國綸基金教授 (經濟學))
Director, Asia Global Institute
Director, APEC Study Center
Associate Director, Hong Kong Institute of Economics and Business Strategy

3917 0029
3917 4388

MB 335/ KK 920

Academic & Professional Qualification
  • PhD: MIT
  • Bachelor: UCLA
Biography

Heiwai Tang is Victor and William Fung Professor in Economics, Director of the Asia Global Institute and HKU APEC Study Center, as well as the Associate Director Institute of China Economy and the Hong Kong Institute of Economics and Business Strategy at the University of Hong Kong (HKU). Prior to joining HKU, he was tenured Associate Professor of International Economics at the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of Johns Hopkins University. He is also affiliated with the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas (U.S.), the Center of Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESIfo, Germany), the Kiel Institute for the World Economy (Germany) and the Globalization and Economic Policy Center (U.K.) as a research fellow. He has been a consultant to the World Bank, the International Finance Corporation, the United Nations, and the Asian Development Bank; and held visiting positions at the IMF, Stanford, MIT, Harvard. He is currently an associate editor of the Journal of International Economics, the Journal of Comparative Economics and the China Economic Review. Since 2021, he has served on a number of public bodies, including the Currency Board Sub-Committee of the HKMA’s Exchange Fund Advisory Committee and the Minimum Wage Commission in Hong Kong.

Heiwai holds a Ph.D. in economics from MIT and a Bachelor of Science in mathematics from UCLA. His research interests span a wide range of theoretical and empirical topics in international trade, with a specific focus on production networks, global value chains, and China. His research has been published in leading journals in economics, including American Economic Review and Journal of International Economics. His research and opinions have been covered by BBC, Financial Times, New York Times, Al Jazeera, Foreign Policy, South China Morning Post, and various think tanks such as the Brookings Institution and the Peterson Institute for International Economics.

Teaching

Columbia-LBS-HKU EMBA: The New World Order

HKU-PKU DBA: Frontiers in Economics Research

Fudan-HKU IMBA: The New World Order

HKU: Undergraduate Common Core – China in the Global Economy; MBA – Global Economy; Master of Economics – Economic Policy

Research Interest

International Trade, Global Value Chains, Development Economics

Selected Publications
  • “Trade Networks and Firm Value: Evidence from the US-China Trade War,” Journal of International Economics, forthcoming. (with Yi Huang, Chen Lin, and Sibo Liu)
  • “Currency Carry Trade by Trucks: The Curious Case of China’s Massive Imports from Itself”, Review of Finance, 27(2), March 2023, pp. 469–493. (with Xuepeng Liu, Zhi Wang, and Shang-Jin Wei)
  • “Do Multinationals Transfer Culture? Evidence on Female Employment in China”, Journal of International Economics, 133, Nov 2021, 103518. (with Yifan Zhang)
  • “Domestic Segment of Global Value Chains in China under State Capitalism”, Journal of Comparative Economics, 48(4), Dec 2020, pp. 797-821. (with Fei Wang and Zhi Wang)
  • “Why is China Investing in Africa? Evidence from the Firm Level”, World Bank Economic Review, 32(3), Oct 2018, pp. 610-632. (with Wenjie Chen and David Dollar)
  • “Are Foreign Firms Favored in China? Firm-level Evidence on the Collection of Value-Added Tax”, Journal of International Business Policy, 1(2), Inaugural Issue, Jun 2018, pp. 71-91. (with Yasheng Huang)
  • “Domestic Value Added in Exports: Theory and Firm Evidence from China”, American Economic Review, 106(6), Jun 2016, pp. 1402-1436. (with Hiau Looi Kee)
  • “Learning to Export from Neighbors”, Journal of International Economics, 94(1), Sep 2014, pp. 67-84. (with Ana Fernandes)
  • “Factor Intensity, Product Switching, and Productivity: Evidence from Chinese Exporters”, Journal of International Economics, 92(2), Mar 2014, pp. 349-362. (with Yue Ma and Yifan Zhang)
  • “International Politics and Import Diversification”, Journal of Law and Economics, 56(4), Nov 2013, pp. 1091-1121. (with Sergey Mityakov and Kevin Tsui)
  • “Determinants of Vertical Integration in Export Processing: Theory and Evidence from China”, Journal of Development Economics, 99(2), Nov 2012, pp. 396-414. (with Ana Fernandes)
  • “Labor Market Institutions, Firm-specific Skills, and Trade Patterns”, Journal of International Economics, 87(2), Jul 2012, pp. 337-351.
Awards and Honours
  • APEC Study Center Financial Support from the HKSAR Government, PI, HKD 2,500,000, 2022-2027
  • HKU Knowledge Exchange Grant, PI, HKD 497,000, 2023
  • Hong Kong RGC Grant, Co-PI, HKD 418,975, 2022-2024
  • Committee of 100 Next Generation Leader, 2018
  • Richard Paul Richman Center for Business, Law, and Public Policy Grant, Columbia University, Co-PI, USD 14,500.
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) of Canada Insight Grant, Co-Investigator, CAD 78,736
  • Student-Elected Best Professor of the Master of International Econ and Finance Program, JHU SAIS, 2016-2017
  • Alcoa Foundation Grant, Co-PI, USD 500,000, 2016-2019
  • Hong Kong RGC Grant, Co-PI, HKD 364,378, 2017-2019
  • Outstanding Referee Journal of International Economics, 2014-2017.
  • Hong Kong RGC Grant, Co-PI, HKD 336,462, 2011-2013
  • The Nuffield Foundation Social Science Grant, SGS/36581, Co-PI, £12,000, 2009-2011
  • MIT Presidential Fellowship, 2002-2003
Service to the University/Community
  • Securities and Futures Appeals Tribunal of the HKSAR government, member, 2023 –
  • Panel of Arbitrators of the Labour Relations Ordinance, HKSAR, member, 2023 –
  • Insurance Authority in Hong Kong SAR, Member of the Industry Advisory Committee, 2022 –
  • Telecommunications Appeal Board of the HKSAR Government, Member, 2022 –
  • Currency Board Sub-Committee of the HKMA Exchange Fund Advisory Committee, Member, 2021-
  • Minimum Wage Commission in Hong Kong SAR, Member, 2021 –
  • Pacific Economic Review, Managing Editor, 2022 –
  • Journal of International Economics, Associate Editor, 2019 – 2022
  • China Economic Review, Associate Editor, 2018 –
  • Journal of Comparative Economics, Associate Editor, 2017 – 2023
  • China Economics Summer Institute, Academic Committee Member, 2017 –
  • International Finance Corporation (IFC), Consultant, 2017 –
  • United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Consultant, 2016 – 2017
  • Asian Development Bank, Consultant, 2016 – 2017
  • IMF, Research Department, Visiting Scholar, 2015 – 2016
  • World Bank, Consultant, 2013 – 2017
Recent Publications
No quick fix for city’s aging workforce

Prof. Heiwai Tang, Associate Dean of the HKU Business School and Director of the Asia Global Institute, recently shared insights on this issue with China Daily. Drawing from behavioural economics, Prof. Tang highlighted how short-term factors like childcare access, living environments, and educational costs influence couples' decisions to raise children. He remarked, "With a better living environment, the fertility rate can also be boosted...When young couples feel those short-term issues can be resolved, they may decide to raise children."

西方新產業政策對香港的啟迪

過去,香港與西方國家奉行新自由主義經濟政策,但近年地緣政經格局的改變及供應鏈多次受衝擊,各國政府著重經濟安全,轉而推出產業政策。

西方新產業政策對香港的啟迪

過去,香港與西方國家奉行新自由主義經濟政策,但近年地緣政經格局的改變及供應鏈多次受衝擊,各國政府著重經濟安全,轉而推出產業政策。

消費習慣改變,結構性問題需有更清晰定位

港大經管學院副院長及亞洲環球研究所總監鄧希煒教授在接受經濟一週訪問時指出,香港經濟的「上游」面對不少問題,例如貸款、租金及原材料供應等, 這些因素使得「下游」做生意的成本居高不下。要解開這些問題,在一個堅持小政府自由經濟原則的社會中,無疑是一個巨大挑戰。

Money Talk – Your Money

Carolyn Wright speaks with Professor Heiwai Tang, Associate Dean at HKU Business School in part one of a two part discussion about their recent Green Paper on accelerating Hong Kong’s economic growth.

學者倡開徵消費稅1%至2%

本港稅基狹窄,較易受經濟周期性影響,有意見指港府應全面檢視稅務制度,擴闊稅基。港大經管學院副院長(對外事務)、馮國經馮國綸基金經濟學教授鄧希煒認為,當本港經濟環境改善,便應研究開徵消費稅,可考慮以1%至2%起步,相信市民有能力負擔,並探討是否針對部分消費項目及徵收的對象。

兩會前瞻|促一體化發展 粵港澳大灣區發展迎加速期

粵港澳大灣區發展規劃實施五年以來,即使面對疫情及多變的環球政經環境,GDP仍年年攀升至超過13.5萬億人民幣,躋身全球前10經濟體,與加拿大及南韓經濟體相近。 港大經管學院副院長及亞洲環球研究所總監鄧希煒教授在接受鳳凰衛視訪問時指出,儘管GDP穩步增長,但粵港澳大灣區間的合作因疫情受阻,發展未如預期般暢通。 希望11個城市的政府能加強合作,發揮各自優勢,相互賦能,達到規模經濟效應。 吸引人才方面,鄧教授更是希望香港與大灣區能做到工作簽證互聯互通,吸引更多國際人才並提供施展拳腳的空間,為大灣區提供源源不絕的發展動力。

重整香港總部經濟策略

在亞洲,上海和新加坡的總部經濟發展尤為出色。上海利用其在製造業、科技和物流方面的優勢,吸引如美國特斯拉(Tesla)、德國博世(Bosch)、日本三井住友銀行(Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation)、英國阿斯利康(AstraZeneca)等國際業界龍頭在當地建立總部。新加坡則積極實行人才新政和創新,以驅動發展。

重整香港總部經濟策略

在亞洲,上海和新加坡的總部經濟發展尤為出色。上海利用其在製造業、科技和物流方面的優勢,吸引如美國特斯拉(Tesla)、德國博世(Bosch)、日本三井住友銀行(Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation)、英國阿斯利康(AstraZeneca)等國際業界龍頭在當地建立總部。新加坡則積極實行人才新政和創新,以驅動發展。